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Qualitative Study on Youth Smoking and Drinking Patterns in 2019
J Korean Soc Res Nicotine Tob 2023; 14(3): 79-90
Published online September 30, 2023
© 2023 The Korean Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

Kwanwook Kim1, Heejin Kimm2*

1Department of Cultural Anthropology, College of Integrated Global Studies, Duksung Women’s University, Seoul, 2Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Institute for Health Promotion, Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: *김희진
연세대학교 보건대학원 역학건강증진학과 국민건강증진연구소
Received September 11, 2023; Revised September 16, 2023; Accepted September 26, 2023.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, dis-tribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: During the years 2016-2019, youth smoking and drinking experience showed a trend of transition from decreasing to increasing, with the following reasons having been identified as triggers: e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products, advertising of tobacco and alcohol products, and diversification of new products.
Methods: Wanting to hear the opinions of the youth, focus group interviews were conducted in November 2019 with 35 middle and high school students 14-18 years in age with smoking and drinking experience, and divided them into six groups. The researcher transcribed the recorded interviews, read it, coded it using Nvivo 12, and categorized and analyzed similar codes.
Results: Students had little difficulty purchasing either alcohol or cigarettes despite being minors; however, some used illegal methods. Students were skeptical about the effectiveness of school antismoking education, and highlighted second year of middle school as a starting point for smoking. Finally, although strict regulations were in place against tobacco use in school and at home, drinking was treated leniently in both places, even for girls.
Conclusion: The effectiveness of regulating minors’ purchase of alcohol and cigarettes and entry into liquor stores must be strengthened, and a new approach to smoking cessation education is needed. Additionally, there is a need to improve awareness regarding the dangers of a culture that is tolerant of drinking.
Keywords : Tobacco smoking; Alcohol; Minors; Tobacco use behavior; Alcohol use behavior; Adolescents
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