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Achievements and Emerging Challenges of Smoking Ban Policy in Korea
J Korean Soc Res Nicotine Tob 2022; 13(4): 116-129
Published online December 30, 2022
© 2022 The Korean Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

HyeonSuk Kim*

School of Nursing, Shinhan Universiy, Uijeongbu, Korea
Correspondence to: 源쁽닕
떊븳븰援 媛꾪샇븰
E-mail: september7777@hanmail.net
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5412-0188
Received December 22, 2022; Revised December 29, 2022; Accepted December 29, 2022.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, dis-tribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
The policy of smoking ban has been implemented in South Korea for >25 years. Despite the prevalence of cigarette use, the relationship between secondhand nicotine exposure and smoking ban policy remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the achievements and emerging challenges of the smoking ban policy in South Korea by identifying its effects and suggesting its future direction in this country. Based on the WHO FCTC Article 8 guideline, this study evaluated the implementation and expansion of smoking ban policies, focusing on outdoor and indoor policies in South Korea and other countries. Results suggest that the smoking ban policy should be extended and strengthened in indoor and outdoor areas. The relative protective zone at school should be smoke-free to prevent secondhand smoke exposure among adolescents. However, the policy allows smoking in apartments, outdoor workplaces, night clubs, and individual cars. The implementation and effectiveness of the smoking ban policy should be monitored and evaluated. For preventing secondhand smoking, education and campaigns for people must be provided. The social support system is essential for establishing and maintaining smoking ban policies. In conclusion, the effects of the smoking ban policy are evident in indoor and outdoor places in South Korea, however, the partial smoking ban policy does not completely prohibit secondhand smoking. Complete smoking ban should be established in all indoor spaces and further expanded in outdoor spaces to protect people from secondhand smoke exposure.
Keywords : Smoking ban policy; Secondhand smoking; FCTC
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