search for



Cross mark




View (174) Download (644) CrossRef (1)
The Association Between Part-time Job Experience and Tobacco Smoking in Adolescents: Analysis on Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data 2017
J Korean Soc Res Nicotine Tob 2020; 11(2): 56-63
Published online December 15, 2020
© 2020 The Korean Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

Kyoungmi Ku1,2, Keum Ji Jung1, San Kang3, Yoonjeong Choi4,5, Su Hyun Lee1,6, Jakyoung Lee1,7, Heejin Kimm1*

1Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Institute for Health Promotion, Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, 2Health Insurance Policy Research Institute, National Health Insurance Service, Wonju, 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 4Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, 5National Traffic Injury Rehabilitation Research Institute, National Traffic Injury Rehabilitation Hospital, Yangpyeong, 6Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul,7Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea
Correspondence to: 源씗吏
뿰꽭븰援 蹂닿굔븰썝 뿭븰嫄닿컯利앹쭊븰怨, 援誘쇨굔媛뺤쬆吏꾩뿰援ъ냼
Received May 26, 2020; Revised October 20, 2020; Accepted October 22, 2020.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, dis-tribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Previous studies have reported the association between receiving allowance and smoking rate in adolescents and the possibility of adolescents to work part-time jobs for purchasing tobacco. Part-time jobs among adolescents are becoming more common, the types and purposes of which have recently changed. We tried to assess the association between part-time job experience and smoking tobacco in adolescents.
Methods: We analyzed 62,276 subjects (49.2% girls) who participated in the 2017 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Frequency analysis, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis were performed to understand the characteristics of variables, such as demographic and socioeconomic factors, and to analyze the association of part-time job experience with smoking tobacco as defined by ever-smokers.
Results: A total of 8,150 participants (19.3% boys and 6.6% girls) were ever-smokers. Among the 8,404 who had part-time job experiences (13.9% boys and 13.1% girls), the number of ever-smokers was higher (50.7% boys and 23.9% girls) than in those without part-time job experiences (14.3% boys and 4.0% girls). In logistic regression analysis, the risk for persons with part-time job experience to have a lifetime smoking experience was significantly higher (odds ratio, 2.49; 95% confidence interval, 2.32-2.68) after adjusting for the demographic, socioeconomic, and smoking-related factors.
Conclusion: Part-time job experience has a significant association with ever-smoking in Korean adolescents.
Keywords : Adolescents; Tobacco smoking; Part-time job; Purchasing cigarettes
  1. Gwon SH, Jeong SY. Factors Influencing Adolescent Lifetime Smoking and Current Smoking in South Korea: Using data from the 10th (2014) Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2016; 46(4): 552-61.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  2. Tyas L, Pederson L. Psychosocial factors related to adolescent smoking:A critical review of the literature. Tobacco Control. 1998; 7: 409-20.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  3. Park SH, Jeon KJ. Predictors Affecting Smoking Initiation and an Increase in Smoking Frequency among Korean Middle Schoolers. Studies on Korean Youth. 2007; 18(1): 5-27.
  4. Lee JR, Seo MH, Cho WJ, Bae SH, Lee KH, Ham OK, Seo KM. Analysis of factors related to smoking among teenagers in Seoul. The Journal of Korean Community Nursing. 2004; 15(1): 95-101.
  5. Yang KH, Kim YH, Lee JR. Factors affecting middle school students'smoking behavior. The Journal of Korean Community Nursing. 2005;16(1): 40-8.
  6. Kim JK, Yeon BR, Jeong EJ, Yoo SH, Jeong YM, Lee MJ. 2018 Youth Media Use and Hazardous Environment Survey. Ministry of Gender Equality and Family. 2018: 187-224.
  7. Lee KH, Shim JH, Woo SY. Survival analysis on factors affecting high school students’ first experience of time part-time work. Studies on Korean Youth. 2016; 27(1): 95-124.
  8. Steinberg D, Greenberger E, Garduque L, Ruggiero M, Vaux A. Effects of working on adolescence development. Developmental Psychology. 1982; 18(3): 385-95.
  9. Mortimer T, Finch D, Shanahan J, Ryu S. Work experience, mental health, and behavioral adjustment in adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 1992; 2(1): 25-57.
  10. Park CN. The Effects of Middle School Students’ Part-time Job Experience on Juvenile Delinquency. Korean Journal of Youth Studies. 2006; 13(5-2): 197-220.
  11. Han KH. Part-Time Job Experience of Adolescents: Qualitative Study of the Process and Meaning. Korean Journal of Youth Studies. 2000;11(2): 153-80.
  12. Hwang J, Jung H, Yang Y, Kwon S, Chun H, Kim S, JeKarl J, Yoo S, Cho SI. Influencing factors of future non-smoking intentions of Seoul metropolitan students. Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion. 2020; 37: 15-27.
  13. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The 13th (2017) statistics for Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey, 2017. Available: [Accessed 25 May 2020].
  14. Cho KJ. The analysis of the relation among adolescents’ part-time job, their delinquency, self-esteem and the caring by their parents. Korean Journal of Youth Studies. 2011; 18(1): 1-29.
  15. Choi WS, Ahluwalia JS, Harris KJ, Okuyemi K. Progression to established smoking: the influence of tobacco marketing. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2002; 22(4): 228-33.
  16. Song HY, Doo EY, Choi SJ. The Relationships between Health Behaviors, Mental Health and Smoking among Korean Adolescents. Journal of the Korea Contents Association. 2017; 17(7): 557-70.
  17. Choi SH, Kim YJ, Park SY Lee JH, Oh KW. Trends in cigarette smoking among adolescents and adults in South Korea. Epidemiology and Health. 2014; 36: e2014023.
    Pubmed KoreaMed CrossRef
  18. Cho SH, Eom AY, Jeon GS. The Effects of Socio-Economic Status on Drinking and Smoking in Korean Adolescents. The Korean Journal of Health Service Management. 2012; 6(4): 13-25.
  19. Kim JK, Kim GH. Determinants of Smoke and Smoking Frequency among Middle and High School Students. Forum For Youth Culture. 2013; 33: 88-118.
  20. Kim HS. The Experiences of Smoking and Non-smoking in Male Adolescents. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society. 2019; 20(6): 489-500.