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Change of Support for Smoke-Free Area and Perception of Effectiveness of Smoking Ban Policy among Korean Smokers: Findings from the 2010, 2016 International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey in Korea
J Korean Soc Res Nicotine Tob 2018; 9(Suppl S1): S39-S50
Published online January 31, 2018
© 2018 The Korean Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

Eun Young Kim1, Hong Gwan Seo1,2,3*, Yeol Kim2,3,4, Yoon-Jung Choi2, Geoffrey T Fong5,6,7, Mi Yan5, Pete Driezen5

1Tobacco Control Center, National Cancer Center,
2Department of Cancer Prevention and Detection, National Cancer Center,
3Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center,
4Cancer Early Detection Branch, National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea,
5Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada,
6Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, Ontario, Canada,
7School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Correspondence to: 꽌솉愿
援由쎌븫꽱꽣 援젣븫븰썝븰援 寃쎄린룄 怨좎뼇떆 씪궛룞援 씪궛濡 323 (슦) 10408
Tel: 031-920-1707 Fax: 031-920-1511 E-mail:
Received August 4, 2017; Revised January 10, 2018; Accepted January 15, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Smoke-free policies have been reinforced in recent years in South Korea. We investigated factors that influenced support for smoke-free area (SSA) and perception of effectiveness of smoking ban policy (PESP) and examined whether SSA and PESP changed between 2010 and 2016.
Methods: We analyzed wave 3 (2010) and new wave 1 (2016) data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Survey in Korea. Telephone survey was conducted among Korean smokers aged 돟19 in 2010 (n=1,560) and 2016 (n=2,000). Differences between survey data in 2010 versus 2016 were evaluated by t-test. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to analyze factors associated with SSA and PESP, and the changes of those factors over time.
Results: Smokers in 2016 had greater SSA and more positive PESP than in 2010. Respondents who were married, had plan to quit smoking within 6 months, initiated smoking later in their life, or had less nicotine dependency were more likely to present greater SSA and more positive PESP. Respondents had lesser SSA when they answered that smoking was allowed in bars and restaurants in their neighborhood, and workplace they belonged compared to those who experienced smoke-free policy in all three of the places. Older ages were associated with more positive PESP.
Conclusion: Smokers changed their SSA and PESP more positively in 2016 than 2010. Reinforced smoke-free policies would lead smokers to have more favorable SSA and PESP and possibly contribute to reduction in smoking rate.
Keywords : Smoke-free area; Smoke-free policy; Support; Perception
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