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An Exploratory Content Analysis of the Factors Stimulating the Use of New Types of Cigarettes in Major Social Media: A Case of YouTube
J Korean Soc Res Nicotine Tob 2020; 11(2): 35-47
Published online December 15, 2020
© 2020 The Korean Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

Hyunjae Yu*, Hanyoung Kim, Seungchan Lee, Yul Sung, Bonju Koo

School of Communication, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: 쑀쁽옱
꽌媛뺣븰援 而ㅻㅻ땲耳씠뀡븰遺, 뿬뒪而ㅻㅻ땲耳씠뀡꽱꽣
E-mail: bus89@sogang.ac.kr
ORDID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1579-6625
Received November 2, 2020; Revised December 18, 2020; Accepted December 18, 2020.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, dis-tribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Background: New tobacco products (referring to e-cigarettes and any other new tobacco-related products) are being promoted by the tobacco companies marketing activities and various user-generated contents. Contents showing enticing factors of new tobacco products exist in various forms especially in social media, which is easily accessible to the public.
Methods: This study is an exploratory content analysis that identifies enticing factors of new tobacco products in social media (YouTube), which has recently been used by the entire nation including children and adolescents. The analysis focused on the video uploader, characteristics and types of content, commercial components, and linguistic features of the message.
Results: The results show that most of the videos (76.7%) were uploaded by individuals who are classified as tobacco enthusiasts. However, several contents (30.0%) that contain a purchase link of the tobacco product exist without recognizing any sponsorship. The possibility of the hidden advertisement of tobacco companies could be inferred from those cases. Moreover, the videos contain a lot of sensory appeals like 쏰O flavor/scent and 쏤eeling fresh after smoking, which are likely to strongly influence children and adolescents.
Conclusion: Social media has provided many enticing contents of new tobacco products. Moreover, the contents, which are considered as advertising, were distributed among users without any regulation. Therefore, continuous and close monitoring of social media contents is required. In addition, practical policy implementation reflecting the social media environment should be considered.
Keywords : Tobacco products; Electronic cigarettes; Social media; YouTube; Adolescent health; Content analysis
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