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Mindfulness Training and Smoking Cessation
J Korean Soc Res Nicotine Tob 2019; 10(1): 13-22
Published online June 15, 2019
© 2019 The Korean Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

Jeung Ok1, Eon Sook Lee2, Yu Jin Paek3*

1Department of Professional Psychotherapy, Seoul Cyber University, Seoul, 2Department of Family Medicine, Inje University, Ilsan-Paik Hospital, Goyang, 3Department of Family Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea
Correspondence to: 諛깆쑀吏
븳由쇰븰援 쓽怨쇰븰 븳由쇰븰援먯꽦떖蹂묒썝 媛젙쓽븰援먯떎寃쎄린룄 븞뼇떆 룞븞援 룊븞룞 愿룊濡 170踰덇만 22 돻 14068
Tel: 031-380-5968
Fax: 031-380-1782
E-mail: samsumok@gmail.com
Received May 2, 2019; Revised June 4, 2019; Accepted June 4, 2019.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, dis-tribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Smoking is a preventable risk factor of many disease such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and premature death. Many smokers want to quit smoking but nicotine dependence makes it hard. There are many smoking cessation interventions including pharmacotherapy and counselling, however, the success rate is low. There is possibility that mindfulness meditation play a role as smoking cessation therapy. Actually, the mindfulness meditation has good evidence on reducing emotional problem such as depression, anxiety, and stress. The meditation could have effect on smoking cessation because it reduce negative emotion, withdrawal symptom and increase coping skills and self efficacy. There are several types of mindfulness meditation such as Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy, and Compassion Focused Therapy. This article showed 7 randomized controlled trials (RCT), 3 cross-sectional studies, and 2 meta-analysis by narrative review. Recently some RCT have shown positive relationship between mindfulness meditation and smoking cessation. However the meditation셲 effect did not last in 6month follow up studies. Even though a small number of subjects and low quality in these studies may be a limitation, the mindfulness meditation showed effects reducing craving of smokers during study period. In addition, mindful attention awareness status could be a good predictor of successful smoking cessation. Further good quality studies are necessary to gather evidence clarifying the association between mindfulness mediation and smoking cessation.
Keywords : Smoking cessation; Nicotine dependence; Mindfulness
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